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As industrial production as a pear

2015-07-15 17:12:16   Comment:0 Hits:
Botou pear in North America is said to be known to all the world, according to a supermarket to sell a dollar, a. Botou pear grade scale, pear export volume of the province accounted for one third of the, for many years has been ranked first in the province. Botou City has 95 million mu of arable land, pear cultivation accounted for the 25 million mu, the pear, the annual output value accounted for 40% of Botou City, gross output value of Agriculture...
Speaking of pear, Botou people have a kind of identity: "sell pear, by standardized planting."
Pear like factory workshop production management
Botou pear had a glorious history, the market demand, the number of how many to sell. There are pear farmers even jokes, with a large pear can fork over a fat years. In 1995, market mutation, Botou pear suffered unprecedented cold market, prices fell. Jin Danzi into a lump of clay, some farmers even shaved off the tree.
Why is this so? This is the question that the pear farmers most want to know the answer. After thorough analysis, the conclusion is drawn that the domestic market has not yet opened up because of the one-sided pursuit of output and the neglect of quality, resulting in the weakening of competitiveness and the domestic market. Pear industry it is imperative to adjust, after several years of struggling to explore, Botou City decided to efforts to expand the international market space, and take the path of export-oriented sales. Dealing with foreign investors, no excellent fruit quality, simply can not be talked about, quality is the product to enter the international market pass.
Beginning in 1998, Botou city forestry science and technology, organize the relevant departments, such as joint research and technical supervision, to help guide Hebei agricultural experts, research to develop a "Botou", "pear cultivation techniques for pear orchard standardization management regulations", "pear pest prevention technical regulations", really kicked off the pear standardized planting management, summarizes the artificial pollination, fruit yield limit, the new technology of pear bagging, through the promotion of pollution-free green fruit production technology, controlling the amount of water, fertilizer type and fertilization quantity, reasonable choice of picking time, to ensure the quality of pear established, involving prenatal, postpartum etc. all aspects of the pear production standard, unified, unified pruning of fruit trees in orchard watering and fertilizing, uniform thinning, unified pest control, unified, unified storage picking fruit bagging. This standard will be included in the provincial standard, and the fruit of the operation of the standard can meet the quality requirements of the domestic and international market.
Botou Oriental Fruit Co. Ltd of Botou City pear industry leading "". In the office, the reporter saw a orchard log, the first page written date: May 8, the weather is sunny, the temperature: 29 DEG C, the orchard in the situation: for spraying, bagging pear small... Staff told reporters that the management staff to the base orchard every day to go to work and detailed records. "Standardization of production well, the orchard into the plant's first production workshop, to keep a strict product testing, to at the beginning of the production guarantee become pear 'standard'..." Guo Yusen, general manager of the company with the terms of the industry.
"At first to promote these new standards, but it is a lot of power." Wang Huiling, deputy director of Botou Forestry Bureau, said, we have to face to face with Pear Farmers to teach technology, hand to teach them how to fertilization, how to set the bag, what kind of pesticides and so on. It is often Monday to work and other tasks, to come back on Friday to report, exchange this week's work, experience and experience, this is known as the first line of work." In addition, they also take the issue of paper, on television to explain technology, training village, technology and other methods, so that pear farmers gradually mastered the new technology.
In Oriental Fruit Company and Yafeng fruit company processing plant, the reporter saw the workers in the orderly processing of Yali pear. These pears are after strict selection, to the naked eye, each one is simply a mold poured out like, pale watery glow. Even so, the workers are still in accordance with the procedures carefully for each spray Xian pear. Oriental Fruit Company deputy general manager Zhang Wanrong said that the high quality pear tree after the completion of the first workshop of the process, after picking, but also to carry out strict processing. Because Europe and the United States market on fruit quality requirements are very harsh, they not only before the declaration of your fruit inspection, and in a commercial intention, before the development of trade is selected for plant pathology learn etc. experts to your export base orchard on plant diseases and insect pests monitoring control and management of the tree and a series of related technical indicators were investigated, is not up to the requirements of the people standard, trade never talked about.
Is standardized production to Botou found a pear industry growth path, standardized orchards bagging rate in more than 80%, good fruit rate reached 92%, commodity fruit reached to 100% and enhance the competitiveness in the market, and create their own brand, now "horse" and "Yujiao", "Bo Yang" brand has at home and abroad market slogan. Botou's standardized orchard has been from 1998 to 30000 acres, expanded to the current 200000 acres.
"Company + base + technology + farmers" model
Standardization of planting, the leading enterprise is the key. Leading enterprises in the domestic and foreign markets, a head of the general farmers. To this end, Botou focus on pear standardized production at the same time, vigorously cultivate leading enterprises to support the pear. After several years of development, Botou has already had three major export management rights of the East, Asia and Hong Kong

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